HTML : Java Glossary


HTML
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). A platform independent technique of distributing formatted documents via the web.

For the rules and tips for composing, see the HTML Cheat Sheet.

You can get help with html problems with the alt.html newsgroup. The FAQ for the newsgroup is also a useful source of HTML information. For CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), use a different newsgroup: comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets.

Dreamweaver is the tool most professionals use to edit HTML.

MoveableType née Six Apart MoveableType, and CityDesk are tools to allow a team of people to collaboratively maintain a rapidly changing website.

Editing HTML is somewhat more complicated when in has embedded Javascript, JSP or Freemarker, XHTML, XML. Before you buy an editor check how well your tool deals with the complications you will be dealing with. Profession web design is focused around CSS style sheets. Make sure it handles those effortlessly.

If you are curious how I created the HTML for this website, see HTML static macros.

For HTML to be compressed, the browser must send a Accept-Encoding: gzip header to indicate it in prepared to accept html.gz files. Otherwise the server will send it the fluffy version.

Opera Web Standards Curriculum: Learn to build a better Web with Opera

HTML 5

The successor to HTML 4 is coming called HTML 5. There are two variants relaxed HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language version 5) and strict XHTML5. They are dropping the old <font etc. tags, forcing you to use pure CSS. You can do 2D drawing, much like an AWT (Advanced Windowing Toolkit) Canvas. It has a built-in document editor. HTML 5 has a raft of new alphabetic entities for special characters. It has new tags <audio and >video for supporting audio and video streams. Apple and Nokia (makers of proprietry video and audio formats) used their political clout to remove the requirement that HTML 5 support the Vobis open source video and audio formats. (May the gods piss on them!) The last thing as standard needs in a Chinese menu of optional features. HTML 5 is not yet widely supported. The Opera browser has the best support at this point.

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