The CurrCon Java Applet displays prices on this
web page converted with today’s exchange rates into your local international currency,
e.g. Euros, US dollars, Canadian dollars, British Pounds, Indian Rupees…
CurrCon requires an up-to-date browser
and Java version 1.7 or later, preferably 1.8.0_05.
If you can’t see the prices in your local currency,
Troubleshoot. Use Chrome for best results.
Webring.com is an organisation that helps organise webrings, like-minded websites that link to each other in
circle. on managing and joining them. Though it is actually very simple, about 50%
of people who apply to join rings fail, if they don’t get experienced help. With the rise search engines,
the importance of web rings has declined.
This document will lead you step by step through what to do to get your website on a webring. It sounds
complicated, but you go step by step, you will succeed. Webring.com is an organisation that helps organise webrings, like-minded websites
that link to each other in circle. WebRings bring more people to your site. WebRings are composed of websites,
not email ids. Now there are two levels of membership: Level 1 memberships are free. Level 2 memberships
per year. With Level 2, Webring will set up the nav bars on your website for you, and other perks. You are not
webpage called a navbar (or sometimes a SSNB —
SSNB (Server Side Navigation Bar). A nav bar renders something like this:
People can visit each website in the ring in turn by clicking on the nav bar next
way the nav bar looks.
If you don’t have a website, you can get a free one from an ISPISP (Internet Service Provider) such as SimpleNet, Angelfire or GeoCities.
You can’t join a ring until you have a working website with something on it to show
people. In a pinch, you might borrow a corner of somebody else’s website.
You will need to learn HTML or some HTML generating tool. You will need some simple
(often free) tools to write and validate your HTML. You will need an FTP tool to upload your creation from your local hard disk to the webserver. I use Netload which completely automates the process and FTP Voyager
to recover when things go off the rails. The coming instructions look intimidating. Admittedly they are
long-winded, but they are not that difficult if you go step by step. It might help to print out these
instructions, and tick them off as you complete each step.
A large, up to *.gif, *.jpg or *.png image that is used on the hub page. It is not the same as the nav bar logo. You need both.
As a ringmaster, you can change it with Edit Ring Logo. It can take perhaps half an
hour to show up on the websites after you upload a new logo.
navigation bar. A piece of HTML that generates a box representing the web ring on your web
page. Visitors can click to go the next site in the ring or go to the ring hub to join themselves. The nav bar
handles all your webrings for that webpage. You don’t need one per webring. It works because all the
different webrings use the same U# embedded in the nav bar. I like to put them near the bottom of the page so
that if something goes wrong, you can still view the top part of the page.
nav bar logo
sometimes called the ring logo. A 50 × 50*.gif, *.jpg (but not a *.png) icon that is used on the on the nav bar page. It is not the same as the hub logo. You
need both. As a ringmaster, you can change it with Customization ⇒ Navigation code
⇒ Nav bar logo. It can take perhaps half an hour to show up on the websites after you upload a new
ring home page
A web page created by the ringmaster giving any information he wants. On my web home pages I give extra
explanation on setting up the nav bar.
SSNB. A more technical term for the navbar, especially when talking about the magic numbers it
contains to identify the ring and site and webpage.
A web page at webring.com for a ring that lists the
member sites. It also gives you a place to join the ring.
The person in charge of a webring. They get to decide who can join and who can’t. They set up the
criteria, and adjudicate them. They also do the administrative work for the ring.
Webring uses the word site is two different ways which is very confusing. If you are a ringmaster the sites
are the website that have signed up for your ring. If you are looking at a U# for an URL, then the sites are
the rings this site belongs to.
An HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) URL that points to the website, webpage and anchor on the page where you want visitors to arrive.
That is also where you place the nav bar so that visitors can leave for the next site in the ring. URLs are
long, so WebRing assigns each unique URL that you use an abbreviation, called the U#, normally a number but it
can contain letters.
The new term for WebRing, sometimes called a WebRing community, all the websites
on one ring.
Joining New Rings
This section applies to everyone joining a ring.
Click on Join Now on the nav bar of some site already in the ring and follow
your nose. This will take you to WebRing.com, the company that manages the rings. Alternatively, click here to go to Webring.com.
If you don’t already have a webring.com login id, you can choose an id and password. You will use
this id for all your rings, not just for the one ring you are joining. click here to sign up
Click join ring on somebody’s nav bar who is already in the ring, or else
find some ring in the huge hierarchy of possibilities.
You will be asked to describe your site and give its URL (Uniform Resource Locator). Make sure you give the URL of the page where you
plan the put the nav bar, not your home page (unless of course you plan to put the nav bar on your home
page). This is the landing place where arriving visitors start their tour of your site. It is also the taking
off place for them to depart to the next site on the ring. Giving the wrong URL is the most common error.
Filling in that form will generate an automatic email to me telling me, the ringmaster, that you want to
join the ring. I have to ok your application.
Click My Rings at the top of the page.
Click View websites on the left.
Click Get SSNB code next to the corresponding webring.
It will show you a piece of gobbledegook html something like this. The actual nav bar is not indented or
commented like the one I showed at the top of the page.
This is the nav bar you have been hearing so much about. A single nav bar handles all the rings that use the
same URL. Cut and paste it into your web page. Make sure you get the whole thing including the final
</script>. Don’t copy my nav bars. They won’t work
for you. You need to get versions customised for you.
HTMLValidator will complain that the nav bar is not valid HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), so you
might be tempted to correct it, adding the missing type and quotes. However, if you do that, unfortunately the
automated-nav-bar-finder will fail, and you will find yourself automatically suspended from the ring. You
must use the nav bar exactly as given. use the <cseignore> </cseignore> to tell it to ignore the
The most important thing to understand is that the nav bar must be displayed
on the page where you want the web ring to send visitors when they first land on your site, on the
preciseURL you told Webring.com. The automated Webring.com link-checking software is not smart
enough to go searching for it. This rigid scheme has the added benefit of making it easy for users to find the
link to the next website after they have explored your site.
This section is only for advanced users using frames. You have five choices.
: Point Webring directly to the frame containing your rings, and provide a link on that page back to your
home page which then redisplays the surrounding frames. The page will first appear without its normal
: Put your nav bar on a non-frame page.
: Create a new frameset page very much like your index.html page. The
difference is it brings up your rings page inside the frame instead of the usual default index page. You
point Webring.com to that enclosing frameset page. Unfortunately, Webring cannot always find the nav bar
if it is embedded in a frame. At times it seems to, then loses the ability.
: use multiple copies of the nav bar. There will be one landing place and many taking off places. I will
explain this in greater detail later. Use one of the other techniques for your landing place. No matter
what else you do, you must always have a valid nav bar for that URL on the landing page.
: Just put the nav bar in a frame and hope for the best. It might work.
I repeat. It won’t work to point the URL to your home page, and then hide the nav bar on some
other page. The automatic link checker can’t find the nav bar and it will automatically suspend you.
You must put the nav bar on the exact URL of the page that you tell Webring.com when you join the
Upload the page to your website. Remember to re-upload every time you change the HTML or your site
Usually your nav bar will start working within seconds after the ringmaster approves your site. Until then,
nothing will happen, so not to panic. Eventually, the nav bar will eventually show up.
If you don’t get your nav bar successfully installed, the automatic nav bar checker will suspend you.
This is so that people using the ring won’t get stuck when they come to your site. It means nothing at
all about the quality of your site. It is no reason to panic. Further, if for any reason your nav bar stops
working at some point in future, Webring.com will automatically suspend you until you get the problem
If later you want to change some of the information about your site, such as its name, description or URL, go to Webring.com and click
View Ring Sites.
Then click the line representing your web page. The most likely thing you would want to change is your URL
if you decide to move the nav bar to a new page. Make sure you get a new nav bar when you change the
URL. It is confusing, because the old nav bar may appear to work, at least for a while.
Under the Hood
If you are a novice, just ignore this section. You might wonder why Webrings don’t just have a standard nav
bar link to the Webring site, not needing any customisation at all, no account and no u#. The problem is WebRing
would have no way of knowing where the reference came from, which website and which page on that site the nav bar
was located. Many browsers hide that information. Presumably, WebRing could have put the website referring url in
as a parameter, but instead they chose to encode the same information with an account and a u#. Which a click on
the nav bar comes in, WebRing, looks up that account and that u# to find the website and referring page, and the
list of Webrings attached that u#/page. This gives them a little more control.
It also lets you play games by assigning multiple different u#s to the same page, and hence allowing multiple
independent nav bars on the same page.
Clever readers will have noticed that this scheme also allows you to put your nav bars on several different
websites, all managed by the same account.
It may not be a
bug, but a feature. Here are some of the bugs/shortcomings I have detected in the Webring.com ring management
software. If you notice that any of these have been fixed, please let me know.
These are bugs I discovered at the time Yahoo.com was running the webring. I have not yet retested to see if
these bugs have been fixed. Be wary of them.
Some pending websites are missing from the Your Ring Memberships list.
When you join a ring, you cannot join another until the pending status of the first one is resolved.
This can take weeks. You have to buy a level 2 membership to avoid this log jam. This is strictly speaking
not a bug, just a very annoying feature.
tests not propagated
When you test a web page to ensure it has a good nav bar, you it marks only one of the rings as passed.
It should mark all rings that use that page as passed.
failed link lock
If you have a failed link because of a missing or erroneous nav bar, you can’t join any other
rings until you fix the problem. However, even after you fix the problem, you still can’t join. You
have to wait until the next day until some batch process updates your good guy status.
If the webring you are joined to goes defunct, your website will display a random ring rather than a
*.png not supported
If you upload a png for the nav logo or link to one, nothing happens, no error message.
reload collapses stack
If you click reload to view a page, the stack which was showing all webrings collapses to show only
Webring often displays nav bars totally unrelated to the U# on the page.
Wrong ringmaster email id
There is no way to change the ringmaster’s email id.
There is no way to have a new ringmaster take over.
Nav bar finder can’t find the nav bar if HTML errors in it are corrected.
Can’t find old gif-style ring logo
Nav bar finder can’t see the old graphics style nav bars previously used when webrings.org
managed the rings. It thinks the link is broken.
frames confuse nav bar
Nav bar finder can’t see a nav bar in a frame. It thinks the link is broken.
Your personal list of rings are not sorted in alphabetical or any other meaningful order. In contrast,
ringmaster can order the sites in the ring any way they choose.
url not displayed
The list of all rings you are joined to does not display the URLs (Uniform Resource Locators)
of your web pages.
Ringmasters can’t correct spelling and grammatical errors in site descriptions. They can’t
correct URLs. They can’t get nav bars for people to insert in HTML and send back for upload.
Ringmasters are asked to approve websites before the nav bars are installed. Sites without nav bars
should never be activated.
invalid email ids
Webring.com approves rings sites where there is no way to contact the site manager by email.
ring home page
Webmaster cannot explicitly designate the ring’s home page.
When ringmasters manage sites, the lists start over at the beginning each time, rather than picking up
where you left off.
mysterious nav bar codes
Nav bars use a special code that ties them to a particular page. You can’t verify they are
correct, other than by installing new nav bars. I think it might be possible to have standard nav bars that
can be safely duplicated moved about, even between sites. Not a single member of one of my rings was able
to successfully install a nav bar!
Most rings are dead. These is no way before you go to the effort of joining to see when the ringmaster
last did any ring management.
nav bar test
There is no way to trigger a bulk retest of multiple broken nav bars. There is no way to know how fresh
the test results are.
nav bar box too small
Box where you pick up the nav bar is too small to let you view it all at once or copy/paste it without
nav bar icon preview
After you change the nav bar icon, webring does not show it to you to make sure you picked an
appropriate image. You can’t proof it on your website either, since the change does not become
visible till somewhat later. Your mistakes should not be viewed by the public. Webring rejected my bug
report on this saying it properly should be submitted as a wish list request and asked that I start over
from scratch in my submission.
You can use png for the ring hub image but not for the nav bar icon.
Ring image does not display.
Even when you have a ring image, it does not display in the editing screens.
There need to be two images, one tiny one 32 × 32 for the nav bar
and one big one 150 × 150 to decorate the ring hub. They used to use
only one mid-size image and send it for both purposes. So it looked ugly decorating the ring hub and wasted
bandwith for the nav bar icon.
The more people who report a given bug, the more likely Webring.com is to take the bug report seriously, and to
give that bug priority.
Webring carefully hides the button to get it to verify/ test
your latest nav bar upload. click my account ⇒ manage memberships ⇒ Go HERE
if you want to see/manage/edit the sites that you have in other rings. (aka My websites in URL
Order)⇒ click on the site title (middle colum), not on the pass/fail ⇒ click on test (just after The status of your navigation code is: Fail, half way down the
page in the fine print.)
Oddly, you can’t access the test from the Go HERE to manage your website URL, U#, get navigation code, view your SSNB stack(s), etc. (aka My websites in URL Order) screen.
If your nav bar test fails, double check the following:
Is the nav bar on the exact same URL you told Webring.com? If not, either tell Webring.com (on the
appropriate form) the correct place or move the nav bar to the correct page.
Get a fresh nav bar. Nav bars only work properly on the page they were created for.
Don’t change the nav bar HTML in any way. Don’t even put a carriage return in the middle of it.
Once you get it working you can try tidying up the HTML checking all the time that the tests for nav bar
presence still works and all its buttons still work.
Scan your website to make sure the u#s are unique and that they match the Webring.com records.
If you rename a webpage containing a nav bar, you must tell WebRing the new URL it is associated with. You can
keep the same U#, just tell WebRing point it to the new URL. If you get confused, just install a new nav bar with
a different u#.
On the Go HERE to manage your website URL, U#, get navigation code, view your SSNB
stack(s), etc. (aka My websites in URL Order) screen you will sometimes see Delete
SSNB code beside an entry. This means there are no living webrings associated with that web page any more.
You should either delete the nav bar from your page and the entry from WebRing, or join some suitable rings.
These defunct pages will not show up at all in the click my account ⇒ manage memberships
⇒ Go HERE if you want to see/manage/edit the sites that you have in other rings (aka Your Ring
See RingSurf, a competing WebRing scheme. If you hope to hide from nav bars by going
to RingSurf you are out of luck. They are in the process of converting to nav bars too. RingSurf and Webring.com
nav bars are handled completely independently. If you have both RingSurf and Webring.com rings on the same page,
you need both a RingSurf and a Webring.com nav bar.
Once you get the hang of it, joining WebRings is easy. You don’t have to keep adding more nav bars past the
first one. You can browse the list of existing rings. and
join the ones you like, or just chase the links visiting sites exploring the creativity of your fellow humans.
To make all the webrings show up in the nav bar, configure the size of the stack on the WebRing site.
Otherwise visitors to your site have to click Visit a complete list of WebRing memberships
here in fine print, to see the other rings. The effect can take 30 minutes or so to show
Starting Your own WebRing
If you don’t see a suitable WebRing to join, you can create your own WebRing. All you need is a logo gif in both
50 × 50 for the nav bars and 150 × 150
(up to 250x250) for the hub. pixels, best with a transparent background, that you could prepare with PaintShop Pro. Browse the Webring.com
categories to find where it would fit, then click create a ring and follow your
nose. At first you will tend to get lost in the menus. Be patient with yourself and you will find you can soon
manage several rings with very little effort. The real work talking people into joining your ring. It is hard at
the beginning and gets easier as the ring grows and becomes ever more attractive.
It works best if you provide a URL instead uploading your logos. Your server will be faster than theirs. Also
they seem to compress and distort the images, so the URL method gives nicer looking images.
Webring automatically tests member sites periodically to make sure they are properly installed. They can fail
or pass or pass-L. Pass-L means he put the nav bar on a different page from where
incoming visitors land, but that they can get to the nav bar to leave in one link. Typically visitors land on the
home page, and click webrings to get to the nav bars. It is a judgement call whether you should allow these. I do
not. They make it harder for visitors to navigate to the next link.