NNTP : Java Glossary

NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol). The protocol used to deliver newsgroup posts.RFC 3977 describes the protocol. It is used between newreader and newsserver and between newsservers. It is extremely simple. It’s main failing is that it has no mechanism to ensure all messages are delivered to all newsservers interested in a given newsgroup.

The protocol is incredibly simple. It works with numbered responses to a handful of commands. The RFC (Request For Comment) makes it fairly easy with, albeit incomplete, examples. About the only thing tricky is, for some unknown reason, there are gaps in the message number base. To start, you must find a real message number with repeated use of the STAT command. You can’t simply seek approximately to where you want to start, and use NEXT. It is a minor goof in the design of the protocol.

The protocol is slow, requiring a NEXT, HEAD and BODY command to retrieve each message individually.

I wrote a program to implement a welcome wagon to new users of a newsgroup. It demonstrates how simple the protocol is. You can browse source repository

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