IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values
for Internet protocols. IANA lists and assigs values, Content Types, Content Subtypes, Character Sets, Access
Types and Conversion values for MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions). IANA specifies the standard for naming character sets used by MIME and the
encodings Java uses to translate 8-bit to 16-bit characters. They also are the final authority on assigning IP (Internet Protocol)
numbers. java.io.CharToByteConverter converts Unicode to other conventions.