When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father in law, heard of all that
God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel
out of Egypt;
Then Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he
had sent her back,
And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have
been an alien in a strange land:
And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine
help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:
And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses
into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:
And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife,
and her two sons with her.
And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him;
and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.
And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the
Egyptians for Israel’s sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the
way, and how the LORD delivered them.
And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he
had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.
And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the
Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the
hand of the Egyptians.
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they
dealt proudly he was above them.
And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for
God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father
in law before God.
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the
people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.
And when Moses’ father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said,
What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and
all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?
And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire
When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another,
and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.
And Moses’ father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not
Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this
thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.
Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be
thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God:
And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein
they must walk, and the work that they must do.
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men
of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and
rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great
matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it
be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.
If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to
endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.
So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had
And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people,
rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses,
but every small matter they judged themselves.
And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.