Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned,
from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)
That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which
was in Shushan the palace,
In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his
servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being
When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent
majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.
And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that
were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court
of the garden of the king’s palace;
Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and
purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a
pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.
And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from
another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.
And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had
appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged
to king Ahasuerus.
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded
Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven
chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people
and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s commandment by his
chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.
Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the
king’s manner toward all that knew law and judgement:
And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and
Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king’s face, and
which sat the first in the kingdom;)
What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not
performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?
And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not
done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that
are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall
despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus
commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.
Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the
king’s princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise
too much contempt and wrath.
If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be
written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That
Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto
another that is better than she.
And when the king’s decree which he shall make shall be published throughout
all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour,
both to great and small.
And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the
word of Memucan:
For he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province
according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every
man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the
language of every people.